What Really Is ICANN?
ICANN is a not-for-profit partnership formed in 1998 in Los Angeles, California. It is a collection of people from across the world dedicated to keeping the Internet stable, interoperable, and secure. It develops policy on the Internet’s unique identifiers and promotes competition at the same time. Although ICANN doesn’t control spam, content, or access to the net, it coordinates the role of the naming system of the net. In fact, this has an impact on the expansion and evolution of the Internet in the long run.
If you want to reach another person on the net, you should type a certain address otherwise known as a URL into the computer. It could be letters or numbers. Or you can search someone’s IP address (internet provider address). This address is unique to each computer so that they can find each other. ICANN is responsible for coordinating these numbers across the world. Without such action, we won’t have a global Internet. Everyone’s IP address in unique regardless if they live in Albany or Zimbabwe.
ICANN consists of different groups. Each one of these groups represents a different interest on the net. In fact, all these groups would contribute to the final decisions made by ICANN. There are three major groups that represent:
. The organizations that deal with domain names.
. The organizations that deal with IP addresses.
. The group that deals with country code top level domains.
The final decisions of ICANN are made by a board of directors. This board consists of twenty-one members. Fifteen of these members have voting rights, and six of them doesn’t have such rights. Eight of the voting members are selected by an independent Nominating Committee. The others are nominated by the supporting organizations. The President and CEO of ICANN are also board members of the organization.